Associate Professor Jean Bogais PhD

Sociologist | Social & Cross-Cultural Psychologist


Associate Professor Jean Bogais is a Paris-Sorbonne educated sociologist (PhD) and social & cross-cultural psychologist (M.A.) with over 30 years experience as an academic and professional working in spaces of violence. His principal research, teaching and practice interests are Ideology & Violence, Ethics, psycho-sociology of Information Warfare, Terrorism and negotiation, which he explores using a psycho-sociological lens set over complex systems frameworks.

Complex systems and dynamic modelling are the overarching elements connecting all aspects of his academic and professional work.


As an academic, Prof Bogais researches, experiments and evaluates new educational programs to test different ways of thinking to connect academia, industry, military and global agencies. He introduces the knowledge gained through empirical research into the pilot courses he creates (feedback process.) He designs far-reaching education pilot courses that will help military and civilian specialists incorporate ethics into their interaction with sophisticated hardware, some of it co-driven by artificial intelligence (AI) able to make independent decisions. These programs are founded in the view that there is a critical social element in every human interaction with info-technology. This element demands an ability to think critically and to do so in a way that gives overarching priority to community values, personal ethics, civic virtue and codes of conduct.

Humans in control of AI-based systems must undertake ethics education to gain an understanding of the social elements of their interaction with the technology..


In his practice as strategic analyst and advisor, Dr Bogais prepares critical assessments and advises government officials, military and security agencies at the highest levels, also working on complex strategic simulations. Over time, he has created methodologies to develop and maintain lines of communication between parties involved in negotiation processes during conflict. His experience goes back to his involvement as a psycho-sociologist (special adviser to the UN) during the negotiations of the Paris Peace Agreement to end the conflict in Cambodia (1991). He educates / trains / mentors professionals and academics in this area.

Information Warfare from a socio-phychological lens

Dr Bogais looks at information warfare from a socio-phychological lens to understand identities and behaviours of actors involved or supporting online extremism. He examines the development of violent extremism and terrorist networks connecting the Maghreb to Southeast Asia across Bangladesh and Myanmar. He is an internationally recognised expert in Southeast Asia, especially Myanmar, Cambodia, Phlippine and South China Sea.

Risk classification for rehabilitation programs

Acutely aware of the importance of rehabilitation, he contributes his academic and professional knowledge and experience to centres and agencies in Asia and Europe exploring new methodologies to classify risk and create, develop and evaluate rehabilitation programs for people at risk of radicalisation, or suspected / convicted of subversive or terrorist activities.

In his Diary of a Writer, Dostoievsky wrote: "It is not by confining one's neighbour that one is convinced of one's own sanity." We have yet to write the history of that form of madness by which men, in an act of sovereign reason, confine their neighbour, and communicate and recognise each other through the merciless language of non-madness. This is an uncomfortable space, but, looking into the future, we must revisit the convenience of terminal truths, and not be guided by assumptions of what the other may be. This principle underlines Dr Bogais' work in risk classification, especially in relation to young people.

Future risk

Following on the last section, Dr Bogais has a special interest in the long-term psychological impacts of violence, displacement, internment and marginalisation on young people, and the subsequent emergence and development of complex parallel identities leading to uncertainties, vulnerabilities, instabilites and new forms of violence.

Protecting knowledge is more than an economic or a security paradigm, it is a moral obligation.

In his research and practice, Dr Bogais connects knowledge with identity. Knowledge is defined by epistemology which is a branch of philosophy that discusses the nature, limits and scope of knowledge, addressing important questions such as 'What is knowledge?' "What is a truth" or "How do we acquire knowledge?' It relates to the state of being. Knowledge is an integral element of identity and has been since the origin of mankind. To seek to align all the branches of modern knowledge on the basis of mathematics is to subject to the single point of view of objectivity. Knowledge should be represented as a volume of space opened in three dimensions: 1) Mathematical and physical sciences; 2) Sciences (language, life, production and distribition of wealth); 3) Philosophical reflection.

In this century, the value of knowledge will be much greater than the commodities of the past.

Knowledge is an integral element of identity. Universities and governments have a moral obligation to protect the ownership of knowledge and make it sovereign. This applies to a researcher in a university lab, but also to the knowledge created in the process of developing large scale info-technological and industrial projects.